What is high blood pressure?
If the blood pressure is higher than normal, then it is called high blood pressure or hypertension. But before we can say that someone has high blood pressure, we have to measure the blood pressure for at least three days in a row, three times each day and for at least 5 minutes each time. If found high after all these days, then it can be said that he/she is suffering from high blood pressure. In Bangladesh high blood pressure or hypertension is referred to as just “pressure”.
There are no clear symptoms for high blood pressure most of the time, so there are many people around us who are suffering from it and are unaware of it. Most of the time it is seen that while taking treatment for other complicated or harmful diseases is when we find out that we have high high blood pressure. This is why it is known as the ‘Silent Killer’. Some people suffer from headaches, they feel sick etc. In a sense they are lucky, because they get to atleast find out something is wrong.
More symptoms might be noticeable if blood pressure increases too much, for example, eyeache or blurry vision along with headache, difficulty in breathing or bleeding from nose are some of these symptoms. This is known as ‘Malignant Hypertension’. In this case one should go to the hospital immediately.
According to the founder of National Heart Foundation Doctor Brigadier Abdul Malik, identifying high blood pressure and taking preventive measures for it are extremely important.
Dos for Prevention
As per Doctor Abdul Malik, one should always measure the blood pressure whenever they go to any medical center or to any medical person. One should measure it more regularly when they are 35-40 years old. He also said that if high blood pressure is hereditary, then the children of the parents who have it should be more conscious.
Doctor Malik also said that treatments without any kind of medication should be considered in the primary stage. He said the following four things can help.
- Decreasing salt consumption.
- Decreasing weight if it is more than what is right for you
- Taking walks regularly.
- Definitely quit smoking.
Even if you don’t have high blood pressure, following these 4 rules will reduce your risk of getting it.
Doctor Malik states, “One should continue medications if he/she has started it. One should continue medications even if the pressure is in control as blood pressure can increase once medications are stopped. Also, one should go to the doctor for follow ups to see whether the medications are working properly and if any other complications are taking place. In addition, one should contact a doctor for any problem.”